2014 EMS LLSA Reading List
The primary goal of LLSA is to promote continuous learning by diplomates. The EMS Examination Committee facilitates this learning by identifying a set of LLSA readings every other year to guide diplomates in self-study of recent EMS literature. The readings are designed as study tools and should be read critically. They are not intended to be all-inclusive and are not meant to define the standard of care for the practice of emergency medical services.
One criterion for choosing articles is that they be easily available from a variety of sources, such as common medical texts, libraries, and Internet websites. Whenever possible, ABEM provides online links to publishers’ websites or to the readings themselves. Accessibility and fees are at the discretion of the publisher, and are not related to ABEM in any way. All questions regarding fees or login information required to access the readings should be directed to the publisher or organization that published the article.
Prehospital Neurologic Emergencies
Silbergleit R, Durkalski V, Lowenstein D, et al; NETT Investigators. Intramuscular versus intravenous therapy for prehospital status epilepticus. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(7):591-600. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1107494.
Prehospital Cardiac Emergencies
Verbeek PR, Ryan D, Turner L, Craig AM. Serial prehospital 12-lead electrocardiograms increase identification of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012;16(1):109-14. doi: 10.3109/10903127.2011.614045.
EMS System Issues
Galvagno SM Jr, Haut ER, Zafar SN, et al. Association between helicopter vs ground emergency medical services and survival for adults with major trauma. JAMA. 2012;307(15):1602-10. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.467.
Blanchard IE, Doig CJ, Hagel BE, et al. Emergency medical services response time and mortality in an urban setting. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012;16(1):142-51. doi: 10.3109/10903127.2011.614046. Epub 2011 Oct 25.
Bakalos G, Mamali M, Komninos C, et al. Advanced life support versus basic life support in the pre-hospital setting: a meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2011;82(9):1130-7. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.04.006. Epub 2011 Apr 17.
Patient Safety and Medical Errors
Lammers R, Byrwa M, Fales W. Root causes of errors in a simulated prehospital pediatric emergency. Acad Emerg Med. 2012;19(1):37-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01252.x.
Prehospital Trauma Care
Kragh JF Jr, Littrel ML, Jones JA, et al. Battle casualty survival with emergency tourniquet use to stop limb bleeding. J Emerg Med. 2011;41(6):590-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2009.07.022. Epub 2009 Aug 31.
Haut ER, Kalish BT, Efron DT, et al. Spine immobilization in penetrating trauma: more harm than good? J Trauma. 2010;68(1):115-20; discussion 120-1. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181c9ee58.
Aufderheide TP, Frascone RJ, Wayne MA, et al. Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation versus active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation with augmentation of negative intrathoracic pressure for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2011;377(9762):301-11. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62103-4.
Aufderheide TP, Nichol G, Rea TD, et al; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators. A trial of an impedance threshold device in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med. 2011;365(9):798-806. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1010821.
Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Berg RA, et al. Chest compression-only CPR by lay rescuers and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2010;304(13):1447-54. doi: 10.1001/jama.2010.1392.
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest - Defibrillation
Stiell IG, Nichol G, Leroux BG, et al; ROC Investigators. Early versus later rhythm analysis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med. 2011;365(9):787-97. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1010076.
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest - Pharmacologic Therapy
Hagihara A, Hasegawa M, Abe T, Nagata T, Wakata Y, Miyazaki S. Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2012;307(11):1161-8. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.294.
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest - Airway Management
Wang HE, Szydlo D, Stouffer JA, et al; ROC Investigators. Endotracheal intubation versus supraglottic airway insertion in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2012;83(9):1061-6. Epub 2012 Jun 1.
Prehospital Respiratory Care
Austin MA, Wills KE, Blizzard L, Walters EH, Wood-Baker R. Effect of high flow oxygen on mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in prehospital setting: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2010;341:c5462. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c5462.