• EMS - LLSA Reading Submission Process
    Solicitation of Readings for Future LLSA Tests
    A cornerstone of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Maintenance of Certification program is the concept of Lifelong Learning and Self Assessment (LLSA).  The primary goal of LLSA is to promote continuous learning by diplomates.  The EMS Examination Committee facilitates this learning by identifying a biennial set of LLSA readings to guide diplomates in self-study of recent EMS literature.
    The EMS Examination Committee wishes to identify important readings from well-respected journals and other publications that are widely and easily accessible to all EMS diplomates.  It is important to note, however, that the LLSA readings are designed as study tools and should be read critically. They are not intended to be all-inclusive and are not meant to define the standard of care for the practicing medical toxicologist. The Medical Toxicology Subboard does not endorse a specific research finding or treatment modality--including off label use of medications-- by virtue of its being the subject of a selected LLSA reading. Likewise, the Subboard is mindful of the potential for real or perceived conflicts of interest in professional literature and makes a conscious effort to account for this in its LLSA reading selections.

    Developing high-quality LLSA tests depends on identifying high-quality readings.  You can have a voice in the identification of these readings.  ABEM welcomes and requests that EMS organizations and diplomates submit suggestions for readings.
    Submission Criteria for Emergency Medical Services LLSA Readings

    The EMS Examination Committee will review all readings that are submitted.  The Committee has established the following criteria for LLSA readings:
    • Focus on recent advances or current issues in the field of EMS;
    • Be drawn from peer-reviewed EMS journals, other peer-reviewed journals, or updated practice guidelines;
    • Preferably be published within the previous five years of the test date, in printed or electronic form; and
    • Relate directly to one or more of the content areas within The Core Content of EMS Medicine.

    How to Submit Recommendations for LLSA Readings

    ABEM is responsible for the administration of the EMS Subspecialty programs, and will therefore implement all aspects of the LLSA process.  For each reference submitted, ABEM must receive the following two items:  

    1. Emergency Medical Services LLSA Reading Submission Form

    Complete an EMS LLSA Reading Submission Form (PDF version or Word version) for each reference that you recommend to the EMS Examination Committee. The form can be computer-printed or typewritten.

    2.  One Paper Copy of the Article, Chapter, or Other Text

    One paper copy of the article, chapter or other text for which you have submitted a reference must be mailed or faxed to ABEM to be considered for inclusion. Electronic copies of readings cannot be accepted due to copyright restrictions.

    References received by May 1, 2016, will be considered for inclusion in the 2018 LLSA test.  References submitted after that date may be considered for future years.

    Recommendations may be submitted via fax or mail:
    FAX:  517.332.3943

    EMS LLSA References
    American Board of Emergency Medicine
    3000 Coolidge Road
    East Lansing, MI  48823

    If you have specific questions or comments regarding the process for recommending references for the LLSA component of the EMS Maintenance of Certification program, please contact Karen J. Shannon, CAP, Administrative Assistant, Research & Administration, at the ABEM office.  If you have questions of a more general nature regarding LLSA or about the overall EMS Maintenance of Certification program, please contact Kevin B. Joldersma, Ph.D., Senior Psychometrician.