The primary goal of LLSA is to promote continuous learning by diplomates. ABEM facilitates this learning by identifying an annual set of LLSA readings to guide diplomates in self-study of recent EM literature. Readings are intended to address issues of relevance to current clinical practice at the time they are posted. ABEM recognizes that EM is an ever-evolving science and that new knowledge becomes available on a continual basis.
LLSA readings are designed as study tools and should be read critically. They are not intended to be all-inclusive and are not meant to define the standard of care for the clinical practice of EM. ABEM does not endorse a specific research finding or treatment modality--including off label use of medications--by virtue of its being the subject of a selected LLSA reading. Likewise, ABEM is mindful of the potential for real or perceived conflicts of interest in professional literature and makes a conscious effort to account for this in its LLSA reading selections.
One criterion for choosing articles is that they be easily available from a variety of sources, such as common Emergency Medicine texts, libraries, and Internet websites. In addition, some publishers allow access to the articles directly from the ABEM public website, ABEM MOC Online, or both by clicking on the underlined listings.
- The Massachusetts Medical Society has provided full access to most readings selected for LLSA from the New England Journal of Medicine
- Wiley-Blackwell has provided Adobe Acrobat files to ABEM diplomates logged onto ABEM MOC Online for readings from Academic Emergency Medicine selected for LLSA Some publishers provide direct access to their website, possibly charging a fee or requiring login information to view the article
- Occasionally, as is the case for many book chapters, the publisher will not provide direct access or does not have Internet access to the article
Accessibility and fees are at the discretion of the publisher, and are not related to ABEM in any way. ABEM sincerely appreciates the contributions of those publishers that have made the articles easily accessible to ABEM diplomates. All questions regarding fees or login information required to access the readings should be directed to the publisher or organization that published the article.
Callaway CW. Questioning the use of epinephrine to treat cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2012;307(11):1198-1200.
Link MS. Clinical practice. Evaluation and initial treatment of supraventricular tachycardia. N Engl J Med. 2012:367(15):1438-48.
Hagihara A, Hasegawa M, Abe T, Nagata T, Wakata Y, Miyazaki S. Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2012;307(11):1161-8.
Varon J, Marik PE, Einav S. Therapeutic hypothermia: a state-of-the-art emergency medicine perspective. Am J Emerg Med. 2012;30(5):800-10.
Cold Water Immersion
Brown DJ, Brugger H, Boyd J, Paal P. Accidental hypothermia. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(20):1930-8.
Complications of Pregnancy
Sommerkamp SK, Gibson A. Cardiovascular disasters in pregnancy. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2012;30(4):949-59.
Hoffmann U, Truong QA, Schoenfeld DA, et al.; ROMICAT-II Investigators. Coronary CT angiography versus standard evaluation in acute chest pain. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(4):299-308.
Hoen B, Duval X. Clinical practice. Infective endocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(15):1425-33.
Holden RJ. Lean thinking in emergency departments: a critical review. Ann Emerg Med. 2011;57(3):265-78.
Pain Management, Pediatric
Fein JA, Zempsky WT, Cravero JP; Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine; American Academy of Pediatrics. Relief of pain and anxiety in pediatric patients in emergency medical systems. Pediatrics. 2012;130(5):e1391-405.
Sedation - Analgesia for Procedures
Green SM, Roback MG, Kennedy RM, Krauss B. Clinical practice guideline for emergency department ketamine dissociative sedation: 2011 update. Ann Emerg Med. 2011;57(5):449-61.
Quinn J, McDermott D. Electrocardiogram findings in emergency department patients with syncope. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18(7):714-8.
Pollack CV Jr. New oral anticoagulants in the ED setting: a review. Am J Emerg Med. 2012;30(9):2046-54.