Sports Medicine is a clinical subspecialty that is concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in sports activities.
In 1991 ABEM, the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP), the American Board of Family Practice, now the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM), and the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) sought approval from the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) to offer subspecialty certification in Sports Medicine. In March 1992, the ABMS approved Sports Medicine as a subspecialty recognizing ABEM, ABFM, ABIM and ABP as sponsoring boards. In March 2007, the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) was approved by ABMS as a co-sponsor of Sports Medicine. ABFM is the administering board. The first examination was offered in 1993 and was administered biennially through 2001. From 2002 to the present, ABFM has administered this examination annually.
ABFM is responsible for examination development, administration, scoring, and analysis and ABEM, ABP and ABIM, are responsible for credentialing their respective candidates and notifying them of their examination results.
Each sponsoring board appoints members to the Sports Medicine Examination Committee. There are four members from ABFM, two members from ABEM, two members from ABIM, and two members from ABP. The primary function of the Examination Committee is to develop the Sports Medicine examinations.