EM 2025 LLSA Reading List


Gottlieb M, Penington A, Schraft E. Digital nerve blocks: a comprehensive review of techniques. J Emerg Med 2022 Oct;63(4):533-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2022.07.002. Epub 2022 Oct 11. PMID: 36229322.

  • ___________________ are recommended as the first-line method for repairs to the palmar surface of the fingers.


Houseman BS, Martinelli AN, Oliver WD, et al. High-dose nitroglycerin infusion description of safety and efficacy in sympathetic crashing acute pulmonary edema: the HI-DOSE SCAPE study. Am J Emerg Med 2023 Jan;63:74-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2022.10.018. Epub 2022 Oct 18. PMID: 36327753.

  • A ___________________ infusion may be a safer alternative to an intermittent intravenous bolus infusion.


Glaser N, Fritsch M, Priyambada L, et al. ISPAD clinical practice consensus guidelines 2022: diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. Pediatr Diabetes 2022 Nov;23(7):835-56. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13406. PMID: 36250645.

  • Most cases of DKA in children with established diabetes are due to ___________________.


Garcia RA, Spertus JA, Girotra S, et al. Racial and ethnic differences in bystander CPR for witnessed cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med 2022 Oct 27;387(17):1569-78. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2200798. PMID: 36300973; PMCID: PMC9760357.

  • Regardless of location, ___________________ were less likely to receive bystander CPR than ___________________ persons.


Bridwell RE, Long B, Ramzy M, et al. Balloon tamponade for the management of gastrointestinal bleeding. J Emerg Med 2022 Apr;62(4):545-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.11.004. Epub 2022 Jan 20. PMID: 35065859.

  • ___________________ and ___________________ must be performed prior to placement of any gastrointestinal balloon tamponade device.

Infectious Disease

Niforatos JD, Richard E. Rothman RE. Update on emerging infections from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ann Emerg Med 2022;80(1):68-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.05.017

  • ___________________ is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the US.


Edlow JA, Hoffmann B. Managing patients with acute visual loss. Ann Emerg Med 2022 May;79(5):474-84. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.10.019. Epub 2021 Dec 16. PMID: 34922777.

  • Patients with unilateral optic nerve dysfunction will have a ___________________ on the swinging flashlight test.


Hosseinialhashemi M, Jahangiri R, Faramarzi A, et al. Intranasal topical application of tranexamic acid in atraumatic anterior epistaxis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Ann Emerg Med 2022 Sep;80(3):182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.04.010. Epub 2022 Jun 23. PMID: 35752521. Paired with companion article: Rech MA, Gottlieb M. Can't stop, won't stop: the return of tranexamic acid for epistaxis. Ann Emerg Med 2022 Sep;80(3):189-91. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.04.032. Epub 2022 Jul 13. PMID: 35842341.

  • Intranasal application of tranexamic acid is associated with a ___________________ need for anterior nasal packing and a ___________________ ED stay.


American Board of Emergency Medicine Key Advances Panel. Outpatient treatment for pulmonary embolism. Key Advances Clinical Policy Alert. June 2023. https://www.abem.org/public/docs/default-source/default-document-library/key-advances_pulmonary-embolism_clinical-policy-alert---june-2023.pdf?sfvrsn=729ddcf4_1. Accessed September 7, 2023.

  • When considering outpatient management of pulmonary embolism, ___________________ may be considered as an indication for hospitalization.

Munshi L, Mancebo J, Brochard LJ. Noninvasive respiratory support for adults with acute respiratory failure. N Engl J Med 2022 Nov;387(18):1688-98. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra2204556. PMID: 36322846.

  • In patients with COPD exacerbations, face mask noninvasive ventilation ___________________ the need for intubation and hospital mortality.

Papi A, Chipps BE, Beasley R, et al. Albuterol-budesonide fixed-dose combination rescue inhaler for asthma. N Engl J Med 2022 Jun 2;386(22):2071-83. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2203163. Epub 2022 May 15. PMID: 35569035 [Disclaimer: This study sponsored by AstraZeneca, which produces the drug mentioned in the article.]

  • The use of albuterol-budesonide ___________________ asthma exacerbations compared to albuterol alone.


Pistore A, Penney S, Bryce R, et al. A retrospective evaluation of phenobarbital versus benzodiazepines for treatment of alcohol withdrawal in a regional Canadian emergency department. Alcohol 2022 Aug;102:59-65. doi: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2022.05.001. Epub 2022 May 13. PMID: 35569673.

  • Phenobarbital monotherapy for acute withdrawal syndrome may ___________________ hospitalizations.